Talking in Codes
5th Grade Oral Language Resources
Students will:• Learn about the concept of codes and who uses them.
• Access prior knowledge and build background about different types of codes.
• Explore and apply the concept of talking in codes.
Students will:• Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of codes and who uses them.
• Orally use words that describe talking in codes.
• Extend oral vocabulary by speaking about examples of codes and when they are used.
• Use key concept words [military, unbreakable, soldiers, secret, language, communicate, government; translation, codes].
Explain• Use the slideshow to review the key concept words.
• Explain that students are going to learn about:
• Codes and people who talk in codes.
• Examples of when codes are used.
• Talking in code.
Model• After the host introduces the slideshow, point to the photo on screen. Ask students: What are these? (flags).
• Ask students: Can you think of how these flags might be used? (as a code).
• Say: These flags are a type of code used by sailors to communicate with people on other boats around them. In this activity, we're going to learn about codes and some of the people who talk in codes. What would you use codes for? (answers will vary).
Guided Practice• Guide students through the next two slides, showing them examples of codes and some of the people who use them. Always ask the students to describe what the codes mean.
Apply• Play the games that follow. Have them discuss with their partner the different topics that appear during the Talk About It feature.
• After the first game, ask students to talk about codes they have used. After the second game, have them discuss a code they would like to create.
Close• Ask students: What do you think it would have been like to be a Navajo Code Talker in World War II?
• Summarize for students that codes are a way of people communicating with certain people. Encourage them to think about what codes they use to communicate.