Listen for the Facts

Comprehension Lessons »

Materials nonfiction book

Explain Point out that when reading nonfiction it is important to focus on relevant facts and details and to distinguish an author’s opinions from facts. Remind students that a fact can be proved, such as by checking a reference book, but an opinion cannot be proved either true or false. Tell students that they will listen for statements of fact and opinion. Ask students to give examples of words or phrases that signal opinions, such as best, worst, or I think.

Guided Practice/Practice Read aloud a passage from a nonfiction book. Pause after each sentence. Ask students if the sentence states a fact that can be proved or an opinion. If the statement is a fact, ask students where they might check to see if the fact is true (for example, an online site, an atlas, or a print encyclopedia). If the statement is an opinion, ask students to state the clue words that helped them identify it as an opinion.