Analyze Author’s Purpose

Comprehension Lessons »

Explain Remind students that an author’s purpose is the main reason why an author writes, such as to entertain, inform, or explain. Point out that sometimes authors also write to persuade readers to do something or to think a certain way. Write the following on the board: The new library in Oakdale is open weekdays from 9:00 to 6:00. It has a reference section and twenty computers for the public. A reading room is located on the second floor. Read the text with students and explain that the passage tells about a new library. The purpose of the paragraph is to inform.

Guided Practice Read this text aloud to students. Have them listen for the author’s purpose. Our neighborhood’s new bookstore is the most popular in town. Many customers say this is the best bookstore for both fiction and nonfiction books, and the prices are very cheap. In addition, the bookstore looks terrific, with attractive bookcases and thick blue carpet. Ask students to identify the author’s purpose. (to persuade)

Practice Have students dictate an entertaining story about the opening day at a new library. Volunteers can each add a sentence. Remind students that the story should have a beginning, middle, and end and that their purpose is to entertain.