4th Grade Oral Language Resources

Content Objectives

Students will:

• Learn about airplanes.
• Access prior knowledge and build background about the significance of flight.
• Explore and apply the concepts of airplane parts, and flight.

Language Objectives

Students will:

• Demonstrate an understanding of airplanes.
• Orally use words that describe the parts of an airplane.
• Extend oral vocabulary by speaking about the purpose of airplanes and flight.
• Use key concept words [hot air balloon, airplane, jet].



• Use the slideshow to review the key concept words.
• Explain that students are going to learn about airplanes:
• What is an airplane.
• What are the different kinds of airplanes.
• The purpose of airplanes.
• What are the different parts of an airplane.
• How flying began.


• After the host introduces the slideshow, point to the photo on screen. Ask students: What do you see in this photo? (a hot• air balloon). Does this look like a regular balloon? Why? (No, because it has a basket attached to it and it is really big).
• Ask students: Why is such a big balloon in the air? (answers will vary).
• Say: Hot• air balloons were the first ways of flying. But since hot• air balloons are hard to control, airplanes were invented. Airplanes take people all over the world in a short amount of time. Would you rather travel by hot• air balloon or an airplane? (answers will vary).

Guided Practice

• Guide students through the next four slides, showing them the different kinds of airplanes. Always have the students describe how each airplane is different.


• Play the games that follow. Have them discuss with their partner the different topics that appear during the Talk About It feature.
• After the first game, have students discuss what they can bring on a plane. After the second game, have students discuss what their favorite flying machine is.


• Ask students: What are the problems facing flight?
• Summarize for students that the history of flight has been really remarkable! We went from hot• air balloons to small planes to bigger airplanes, fighter planes and even the Concorde! Airplanes are very expensive to make, fuel, and take care of. Thus, some airlines end up going out of business, offering fewer flights, or merging with other airlines. Encourage them to think about how the problems they thought of can be fixed.