4th Grade Oral Language Resources

Content Objectives

Students will:

• Learn about whales.
• Access prior knowledge and build background about the significance of whales.
• Explore and apply the concepts of mammals, and whale parts.

Language Objectives

Students will:

• Demonstrate an understanding of whales.
• Orally use words that describe the parts of a whale.
• Extend oral vocabulary by speaking about mammals.
• Use key concept words [whales, ocean, lungs, blow hole, blubber, mammals].



• Use the slideshow to review the key concept words.
• Explain that students are going to learn about whales:
• What is a whale.
• Where do whales live.
• How do whales breathe.
• What are the different kinds of whales.
• What are the different parts of a whale.
• What are mammals.


• After the host introduces the slideshow, point to the photo on screen. Ask students: What do you see in this photo? (a blue whale swimming). How is this whale different from others? (it's the biggest).
• Ask students: How do whales move in the water? (fins and tail).
• Say: Whales are found in all oceans and in some fresh waters. There are many different types of whales. Some whales can be trained to do things, but other whales we have to stay away from, such as the killer whale. Whales have two fins and a tail which help it move in the water. How do you move in water? (using your hands and legs to swim and lungs to breathe).

Guided Practice

• Guide students through the next three slides, showing them the different parts of a whale. Always have the students compare whales to humans.


• Play the games that follow. Have them discuss with their partner the different topics that appear during the Talk About It feature.
• After the first game, ask students to talk about which mammals they could take home. After the second game, have them discuss whether they would have a whale as a pet.


• Ask students: What are the problems that whales face?
• Summarize for students that whales are the only creatures that spend their entire lives underwater. Thus, keeping the water clean is important to their survival. However, this is a big problem that they face because they get caught in fishing nets, and the water gets polluted. Encourage them to think about ways that we can fix these problems.